Dental Dentures are dental prosthesis that are used to replace missing teeth either partial or complete. They are custom made to your jaws and can be made for both upper and/or lower jaw. The dentures get their support from the surrounding soft tissues and bone. The complete dentures are made when the patient has lost all the teeth due to some dental disease like Periodontal disease.
Partial dentures are made when the patient has lost few (1 or more, but not all) teeth in their mouth. Partial dentures can be fixed or removable. The Fixed Partial dentures are also called as Crown and Bridge.
- Improves Mastication or Chewing- the denture teeth help you chew better and thereby maintain a good diet and keep you healthy.
- Aesthetics- Dentures provide support to the lips and cheeks ,thereby providing a fullness and natural appearance to the face.
- Improves Speech- When you have missing front teeth, the speech is altered especially with words that have sounds. By replacing the front teeth, this difficulty in speech can be overcome.
- Self-confidence- By replacing your missing teeth, your self-confidence and self-esteem will be highly improved.
- Adapting to the new dentures. It is common to see patients complaining of discomfort with the new dentures. Your tissues will get adapted to the new dentures when you use them on a daily basis. Few adjustments will be required to reduce the sore spots.
- Dentures become loose over a period of years, because the natural bone which provides the support to the denture undergoes constant changes without teeth.
- The stability of lower denture especially the complete dentures may not be perfect because of the interference of the tongue. In those cases we recommend implant supported dentures.
- Implant Supported Dentures are dentures that are made to snap on to the Implants that will be placed surgically inside the jaw bone. It is very commonly recommended for patients with complete lower dentures. Implant placement is a surgical procedure, where a metal screw is placed inside the bone surgically and allowed to heal and integrate with your bone. Once the implant has well integrated, the dentures will be adjusted to fit the Implants or new Implant Supported Dentures will be made.
The most common problem with new partials or full dentures is Sore spots. These areas can be relieved during your next appointment.
- The new bite may not be completely comfortable for few weeks. We can adjust the contacting surfaces of the teeth and it may take few visits to get the comfortable bite relation.
- Cleaning the dentures is an essential part in the maintenance of the denture. The denture can be cleaned with the denture toothbrush and regular toothpaste. It is highly recommended to remove your dentures every night before going to bed, and soaking them in a glass of water.
- For patients wearing Complete dentures, clean your gums with regular toothbrush at least once a day.
- For patients wearing Partial dentures, use special care to clean parts of the denture that comes in contact with the natural teeth. Both the partial and natural teeth have to be kept clean on a daily basis to reduce the chances of developing new cavities.
- For patients wearing Immediate Dentures do not remove the denture for the first 24 hours. Follow all the post-operative instructions for extraction. Remove the dentures after 24 hours and clean them with regular toothbrush. Make sure you keep up the follow up visits. As your gums and bone heal after the extraction, your dentures will get loose after sometime. At this stage you will need to call us and schedule an appointment, so that we can reline your denture.
- If you do not wear your denture either complete or partial or immediate, for a very long time, you will notice that the denture will not fit again, because of the natural changes that occur to your gums and bone. At the same time wearing ill-fitting dentures for a long time can cause severe bone loss and gum irritation. Relining or rebasing or even new dentures may be required in those cases.